In a significant development for Uzbekistan’s political landscape, a referendum was recently conducted to ratify constitutional amendments that grant President Shavkat Mirziyoyev the ability to extend his stay in office until 2040. The amendments, which include lengthening presidential terms from five to seven years and allowing Mirziyoyev to potentially serve two additional terms, have drawn mixed reactions from both domestic and international observers.
Preliminary results from the referendum indicate that an overwhelming 90.21% of voters approved of the proposed reforms, with a notable participation rate of 84.54%. While supporters of the president hail this as a clear endorsement of his governance and reforms, critics and rights groups remain skeptical, asserting that Uzbekistan’s political system still remains entrenched in authoritarian practices.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev has defended the constitutional changes, arguing that they will lead to improved governance and a higher quality of life for the citizens. However, detractors have pointed out that the president himself stands to benefit the most from these alterations, potentially prolonging his grip on power.
The referendum outcome has received recognition from neighboring countries as well. The president of Kazakhstan congratulated Mirziyoyev on the results, lauding it as a demonstration of the Uzbek people’s trust and support. Such external validation further solidifies Mirziyoyev’s position on the regional stage.
Mirziyoyev, often portrayed as a modern successor to the former authoritarian leader, Islam Karimov, has indeed initiated some reforms. However, concerns over human rights violations and the suppression of political opposition persist. The recent amendments do include a provision prohibiting the death penalty and ostensibly preserving human rights. However, dissent and disagreement are not tolerated, raising questions about the extent of genuine inclusivity and democratic values within the nation’s political discourse.
The election campaign leading up to the referendum also faced criticism for its lack of diversity and fairness. State-controlled media and censorship played a prominent role in shaping the narrative, heavily favoring the president’s stance and stifling opposing voices. This skewed media environment further underscores the challenges in achieving a truly democratic electoral process.
Uzbekistan’s path forward is not without obstacles. The country grapples with issues such as fuel shortages, widespread poverty, and corruption. These challenges demand comprehensive and inclusive governance, which some fear may be compromised with the extended presidential term and potential concentration of power.